Communication Disorders

Communication Disorders

Speech Disorders

Speech disorders have been referred to as Speech Delay, Speech Problems, Speech Impairment or Speech Impediment. 

To better understand communication disorders you need to know how speech is “made” and what language is. 

The four actions we use to make speech are:

  1. Respiration - it all starts with air from our lungs.

  2. Phonation - air passes our vocal cords or “voice box” and makes the cords vibrate for some sounds.

  3. Articulation - most of the action happens here when the air is changed into different sounds when it passes our lips, teeth, and tongue.

  4. Resonation - when air goes through our nose it helps make 3 different sounds. 

Language Disorders

Similar to speech disorders, language disorders are also known as Language Delay, Language Disability, Language Impairment or Specific Language Impairment. 

Having low language skills can be very frustrating because it limits how well you can communicate.  Low language skills can also be related to a learning disorder. 


  • Apraxia of Speech

  • Autism

  • Feeding

  • Hearing

  • Articulation

  • Cleft Palate

  • Language

  • Neurological

  • Phonological Disorders

  • Stuttering

  • Syndromes

  • Voice 


  • Aphasia

  • Apraxia

  • Dysarthria

  • Swallowing Dysphagia

  • Neurological

  • Voice

Sound Hearing Audiology and Speech – Dr. Robin Zeller, Ph.D.
50 Hazelwood Drive, Jericho NY 11753
Audiologist, Speech Language Pathologist, Speech Therapy, Hearing Aids, Hearing Loss Treatments for Adults and Children